This textbook has been specifically written for students studying law. Chapter 1 brings together a number of cases involving human rights. It also contains a new principle in the Slovak criminal procedure (for instance principle of proportionality, principle of opportunity etc.). Other chapters provide information about procedural institutions, evidentiary process in criminal proceedings, decisions, stages and special types of criminal proceedings. Criminal law is nowadays in the process of changes. The aim of this book is to reflect the contemporary situation in our legal system.